The Shoulder is the most mobile joint in the body, the main part of which is a ball and socket joint (the gleno-humeral joint). It is surrounded by strong fibrous soft tissue which is integral to strength, flexibility and stability of the joint. The joint is surrounded by a group of muscles known as the rotator cuff, which add further stability and controls the motion.

What causes shoulder pain?

The shoulder is a complex joint and pain can be caused by a number of different structures. There are a variety of possible reasons for a person to experience pain in this region. Pain can be caused by inflammation in the joint caused by arthritis, or from a muscle injury to the rotator cuff. It can also be due to problems elsewhere, such as a neck issue or from a joint such as the acromio-clavicular joint which is nearby. The onset of the pain can be a good indicator of what structures might be at fault and a thorough assessment is usually required to examine this joint.

What can be done to help?

Medication can be a useful first step in helping to relieve pain in the shoulder. This can be discussed with your GP or Pharmacist. Another early intervention which is often encouraged is Physiotherapy. A specialist assessment can give a good indication of what might help a shoulder problem recover. Often techniques used by Physiotherapists such as manual release and exercises can assist in the rehabilitation. Sometimes further assessment is required in order to establish the exact cause of the problem. This can include scans (ultrasound, MRI, X-ray) or seeing a shoulder specialist consultant.

What exercises can I try?

Due to the complexity of the shoulder and the variety of possible problems it is very difficult to prescribe exercises that will help recovery from a shoulder problem. We recommend seeing one of our Physiotherapist's who will be able to show you the correct exercises for your individual needs, Often, a few simple exercises done correctly can go a long way to alleviate shoulder problems.

Common Shoulder conditions that we treat:

  • Shoulder impingement
  • Rotator cuff problems
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Shoulder tendinopathy

Our Physiotherapy team can assess for and treat all of the above, often without the need for surgical intervention.

Contact us for
further information



Read our articles for up to date advice and information about a range of conditions we treat and the services we offer

Anatomy, Pathology & Treatment of the Shoulder Joint

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Our team are ready and waiting to assist with your recovery.

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our experts

If you would like more information about any of our expert physios for your specific injury or issue, please see their bio below:

Steve Canning
Clinical Director & Senior Physiotherapist
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Gregg Roberts
Operations Director & Senior Physiotherapist
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Ric Lockhart
Senior Physiotherapist
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James Walker
Senior Physiotherapist
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Helen Dinneen
Senior Physiotherapist
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Nanette Oakes
Senior Physiotherapist - Upper Limb Specialist (ESP)
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Linzi Fletcher-Bates
Senior Physiotherapist
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